RESPONS PERTUMBUHAN BENIH TANAMAN API-API (Avicennia marina) PADA BERBAGAI JENIS MEDIA TANAM

Elly Rosnarita

Abstract


Api-api plant (Avicennia marina) is one type of plant found in mangrove forest vegetation. It grows in tidal areas with muddy, loam and sandy soil conditions. The growth and development of this plant is also influenced by the salinity of the water. To develop this plant, the obstacles faced in addition to its habitat which is in the tidal area which is strongly influenced by water salinity, also not much effort to cultivate this plant outside its habitat.  The aim  of this reasearch was to determine the response of the use of various kind of growth media such as soil, sea sand, river sand dan mixture of soil and sea sand to the growth of Api-api (Avicennia marina) seeds. The research was carried out using a Randomized Block Design (RBD) with 5 treatments and 5 replications consisting of 5 levels of growth media treatment. The data were analyzed by means of variance and to determine the mean value of the treatment, the Least Significant Difference (LSD) test was carried out at the 5% level.  The results of this reasearch concluded that differences in growrth media had a higly significant effect on the growth of api-api seeds. Growth media that consist of  mixed with soil and sea sand media and sea sand media showed better results in plant growth variables which include viability seed, number of leaves, plant height, stem diameter, root length, wet weight and dry weight of the plant.


Keywords


Avicennia marina, seeds, and growing media

Full Text:

PDF

References


Anugerah, P. T. 2013. Komponen Mayor dan Minor Air Laut. https://www.researchgate.net/publication/303291592. Diunduh tanggal 03 April 2019.

Bengen. 2000. Pedoman Teknis Pengenalan dan Pengelolaan Ekosistem Mangrove. Bogor: Pusat Kajian Sumberdaya Pesisir dan Lautan, Institut Pertanian Bogor.

BPS Propinsi Lampung. 2019. Luas dan Kondisi Hutan Mangrove Lampung. https://lampung.bps.go.id/dynamictable/2017/08/23/510/luas-dan-kondisi-hutan-mangrove-menurut-provinsi-lampung.html/ Diunduh Tanggal 03/01/2019

Feriyanto, Y.E. 2018. Pasir Laut Sebagai Biomassa Terbarukan Yang Banyak diburu Negara Maju. https://www.caesarvery.com/2018/06/pasir-laut-sebagai-biomassa-terbarukan.html. Diakses pada 10 Desember 2021

Hanafiah, K. A. 2004. Dasar-dasar Ilmu Tanah. PT. Rajagrafindo. Jakarta. 2004.

Hutahaean, E. E., Kusmana, C., Dewi, H. R. 1999. Studi Kemampuan Tumbuh Anakan Mangrove Jenis Rhizophora mucronata, Bruguiera gimnorrhiza dan Avicennia marina Pada Berbagai Tingkat Salinitas. Jurnal Management Hutan Tropika. 5(1): 77—85

Syah, C., A. Indrawan, dan A. Priyono. 2012. Pertumbuhan Rhizophora mucronata Pada Lahan Restorasi Mangrove di Hutan Lindung Angke Kapuk, Jakarta. Bonorowo Wetlands. 2 (1): 1—10




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.37694/jwp.v17i2.85

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Pusat Penelitian dan Pengabdian pada Masyarakat
Sekolah Tinggi Ilmu Pertanian (STIPER) Dharma Wacana Metro
Jl. Kenanga No. 3 Mulyojati 16C Kota Metro,
Telp. 0725-41089, Fax. 0725-41089
E-mail: jwp@stiperdharmawacana.ac.id